Histograms Can See in the Dark

The lowly Histogram is truly a functionless graph that merely monitors the tonal distribution of an image. It functions much like a thermometer in that it reports the current condition of the image. And it only reports one aspect of the image:luminance. Even when you view individual color channels, the graph only reflects the relative (dark-light) range of the color’s values. The image’s color issues (saturation and hue) are not addressed directly, though changing either will influence the luminance.

The Histogram cannot alter an image’s condition, it simply reflects any changes to the tonality made by adjustment tools. It has one spectacular feature that makes it my very favorite diagnostic tool; it can literally see in the dark.

Window Lighthouse B4Window Lighthouse Aft

My first peek at shots on my camera’s memory card happens in the camera, right after I finish shooting each subject and just before I put the camera back in the sling. The second look happens when I’m culling and transferring images onto my computer. This second look is usually an evaluation of content and composition more than exposure. I can usually tell which shots are preliminary keepers by viewing the collection from a very impersonal and objective viewpoint. If the shot doesn’t speak to me at first glance, I’m quick to erase it (both RAW and JPEG icons) immediately. Yes, I always capture both file types and yes, I immediately throw out extras. I can’t afford the clutter.

AmyEricWedding

When it comes time to see the keepers at a larger size, my criteria changes to tonal range. Unless the shot involves known and acceptable stark (black or white) backgrounds, I want to know how much elbow room I’ll have to rearrange the tonal range. Most of the time I can tell just by seeing the relative contrast of the image, but many times (and for many reasons), this visual process can be deceiving. This is when I start looking at the Histogram. This graph has its limitations, but the one talent it has is it’s ability to see potential detail beyond what my eye can see.

LowKeyHere’s a truth you can take to the bank. Even if the image visually appears too dark and beyond repair, if there is a slope, even a steep slope that can be seen on either side of the graph, then both shadow and highlight tonality can be rebuilt.

Put the Histogram to work early in the photo process. Let it diagnose each picture and show you the truth that may be eluding you on the monitor.

That’s the way I sees it. If you have an argument with this position, take it to a higher court! In the mean time, sign up (above right) to get personal notices of future posts. You can’t beat the price.

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If you’d like to understand even more of what makes color work, how light behaves, and how easy it is to shape the light in your photographic images, go to http://gottaknowvideos.com and get Bright About Light!

 

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Photo Finishing

Digital photos require a three-step process just as film cameras did two decades ago. It’s popular to think of photography requiring two steps (shooting the picture and producing a physical print), but the process involves three steps with digital images too, even if you print an image directly from your camera. Surprised?

In film days, images were 1) captured on physical film, 2) the film was developed in a photo lab and hung to dry, and then 3) prints were produced from the negatives… three steps. It would seem that digital pictures only require two steps; capturing the image and printing the picture, but you should know that there is a third process that will (and must) take place before the image is printed. All digital images that are printed must include capture, processing, and printing.

Virtually all digital images are captured by the camera’s image sensor as RAW data. You may choose to save the images in JPEG format, but your camera originally captures RAW data. That’s the way digital camera work! It is the single function of the image sensor to collect all the light data from the scene. What happens to that data after the capture process is totally up to you. You can opt for the camera to process the image as a JPEG (literally let the manufacturer decide what your picture should look like) or you can choose to save the RAW data and then YOU shape the image on your computer.

JPEG Files. The image sensor sense reads each point of light and passes the information on to the camera’s image processor to convert the light measurement into digital data. If  your camera is set to save JPEG images, the processor parses the data (analyses the light hitting the sensor) and forms it into an average contrast picture. Most JPEG images deliver reasonable results from average lighting conditions. If you set your camera to save only JPEG images, the original RAW data is converted to JPEG before it is discarded, and you’ll be the proud owner of a “reasonable” picture. Hm-mm.  Photo finished!

OR, you can choose to save the image as a RAW file and process it yourself. Even if you choose this option, your camera’s version of the JPEG image will display immediately when you open the file in Camera Raw or Lightroom. Nothing lost! If you like the camera interpretation, you can keep it (sounds like a political phrase, but it’s not).

However, if you want to make some adjustments to the image, that RAW file is packed full of adjustment options (color and tonal elbowroom) that allow you to be your own photo finisher. Now that’s true photo finishing. Absolutely nothing to lose and everything to gain.

Any questions?

That’s the way I sees it. If you have an argument with this position, take it to a higher court! In the mean time, sign up (above right) to get personal notices of future posts.

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If you’d like to understand even more of what makes color work, how light behaves, and how easy it is to shape the light in your photographic images, go to http://gottaknowvideos.com and get Bright About Light!

 

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Are You Taking Yourself Serious?

Now there’s a question you probably haven’t heard since junior high school! I remember my mother asking that question (in so many words) just after she read my teacher’s note on the back of my report card… “Herby is a smart young man and could really do well if he would just apply himself.” I’ll bet your teacher said something to that effect at some point in your past too. I think we’ve all heard it!

Well, I’m not your mother or your teacher, but I have to ask that question just to make you think about it. Step back and take an honest look at your photos. This isn’t a contest where you have to compete with other photographers, but this is a contest. You are competing with yourself. When you bought your camera, you (quietly) justified the purchase with a promise that you’d take this stuff serious. This was the hobby that wouldn’t end up in the back of the closet.

How you doin? Are you serious enough to turn off the “Auto” functions and take control?

I’d be willing to bet that at some point perhaps years ago, your interest in photography bloomed and now you’ve purchased a camera that has more settings and controls than you understand, and you probably haven’t even seen them all yet. Do I dare ask if you actually got past page 3 of the instruction book? You read photography articles and watch YouTube videos presented by kids who know more about photography than you do. You may have even joined a local camera club and now attend the meetings every month.

But if you are like the majority of photo buffs, you’re kind of stuck in no man’s land; good enough to take decent pictures and get “likes” on Facebook, but not good enough to really use the technology in your camera and on your computer. You may be more dependent on your camera’s automatic settings and someone else’s editing presets than you want to be. You can get past the trial-and-error stage and make good on your promise to yourself, and you know it! So, when is it going to happen?

You are a logical person with a good head on your shoulders. You know you can do this if you found a systematic, practical way to learn the process. But there is more to photography than learning the controls. You must understand the why of photo science, not just the how of the camera buttons. Many people learn the controls of the camera and never understand the key principle in photography… light. Light is the only thing you can control in the photographic process. Until you grasp how light behaves, you’ll never really understand how to capture it properly.

But once you get it, the controls and settings on your camera will make perfect logical sense. Virtually every control on your camera, from lens to shutter, concerns the control and shaping of light. Controlling color is all about controlling light. As a matter of fact, without light, there is no color. The more you know about what makes photography work the better you will become as a photographer.

The Trend. I speak to photography clubs all the time and there is an uncanny similarity to the groups. 1) Most of the members (and visitors) are over 40 years old. 2) Women outnumber men. 3) One quarter of the attendees shoot with their smart phone. 4) One quarter have very expensive DSLRs. 5) There is always one resident Photoshop Diva. 6) Most attendees use Lightroom and some other special post-production software to add personality to their shots (ON1 Photo Raw, Alien Skin Exposure3, Luminar, Topaz, Affinity Photo, etc.).

You can learn a lot about photography from online sources and courses, but this will take a commitment.

1) pick up your camera and shoot something each day. Pick a specific time each day that you can dedicate 15 minutes to the task. Shoot the same subject under the same lighting conditions with various different vantage points and angles. Take notes on how you set your camera up for a specific scene and then examine the results of that effort and learn from what you observe.

2) commit to learn something new about light every day. Learn about the differences in color during different times during the day. Observe how lighting conditions change the contrast and drama of the scene, and how to adapt your settings to capture the light during those periods.

Commitment and personal discipline will deliver results that you (and others) will begin to notice. I bet the “likes” you get on Facebook will start to include personal comments.

That’s the way I sees it. Why not sign up (above right) to get personal notices of future posts. Let’s commit to grow together. Your Mom would be proud.

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If you’d like to understand even more of what makes color work, how light behaves, and how easy it is to shape the light in your photographic images, go to http://gottaknowvideos.com and get Bright About Light!

 

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RAW Files Are NOT Like Color Negatives

It is commonly accepted that digital RAW files are equivalent to a photographic film color negative. Here’s the rationale… A color negative is a physical record of how light is recorded onto the individual red, green, and blue emulsion layers of silver-based film, such as Agfa’s Agfacolor, Fuji’s Velvia, and Kodak’s Professional Portra.

Once the film is developed, it is placed in a photographic enlarger and projected onto light-sensitive, three-emulsion layers of photographic paper, each layer sensitive to red, green, and blue light. After the print is developed, the resulting image reveals a full range of colors and tones captured by the film.

From this description, the digital RAW image to color film analogy seems accurate. The color negative contains all the spectral and luminance information from the scene and the combination of various color filters and exposure times are able to produce a variety of differing versions of that scene. The same is true of RAW files.

At first blush, that makes sense. I bought into this analogy when it was first proclaimed  twenty-five years ago. But through all these years, something about this analogy never quite added up, but I didn’t know why. Until now.

Here’s where the color negative analogy breaks down. While color prints were processed from color negatives, publications and coffee table books were always reproduced from (positive, or color reversal) transparencies or slides, such as Kodachrome and Ektachrome, Fujichrome, and Agfachrome.

Color prints were second-generation copies; each print produced on paper from a projected negative source (basically a picture of a picture). The (lithographic) quality of a color print was technically inferior in depth, sharpness and saturation to a color transparency. Images scanned by color separators directly from slides and transparencies were first-generation, and contained all the purist elements of the original photo, and therefor, the very sharpest printed images were reproduced from photographic transparencies.

Herbiology One: The digital data gathered and recorded as a RAW file more accurately parallels a film color positive (transparency) or slide than a color negative. Henceforth, RAW images should be the digital equivalent of color slides.

Herbiology Two: JPEG images are like dehydrated photographs reduced to an irreducible minimum of color and tonal information. Because these images contain significantly-reduced dynamic range and spectral data, JPEG images are more like Polaroid prints than full-bodied photographs.

Herbiology Three: Technically speaking, digital images are not photographs. That word was coined by Sir John Herschel from photo “light” and graph “instrument for recording” and describes a tangible photo record of an event. Digital images are not actually tangible until they are printed. This is why we call the digital recording an “image.”

That’s the way I sees it. If you have an argument with this position, take it to a higher court! In the mean time, sign up (above right) to get personal notices of future posts.

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If you’d like to understand even more of what makes color work, how light behaves, and how easy it is to shape the light in your photographic images, go to http://gottaknowvideos.com and get Bright About Light!

 

 

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Beware of Buzzwords

Every time a new technology breakthrough emerges it is accompanied by a baffling bunch of techie buzzwords; terms intended to explain the breakthrough. The problem is that many of the  pundits and writers involved with that industry use these (heretofore unknown) buzzwords in an attempt to convey their intelligence to others while explaining the new technology, but they rarely explain the buzzwords. This is always amusing.

I currently make my living as a writer and speaker. I try really hard to explain technical issues in an untechnical manner simply so people who want to understand things better won’t get more confused by my explanation than they already are by the technology.

I avoid buzzwords whenever possible and try to explain them when I must use them. Pundits and authorities like to impress each other with these terms. A kind of techie chest-bump. Which is OK since all the pundits understand the terms. For the rest of the world, we either feel stupid or think of them as arrogant– or both.

I remember when the big buzzword in digital imaging was “color management.” In 1992, my company had produced the industry’s first color scanning software for Photoshop and we were developing AI tables for our Photoshop automation software. We understood how to manage color.

I had been managing color images from photography to lithography for decades. By that time (mid-nineties), I had serious trade training in photographic films and transparencies, photo filters and color correction, RGB-CMYK color separations, PMS (Pantone Matching System) color ink formulations, color presswork and contract proofing. Managing color was what I did for a living.

I remember reading up on color issues in a published Adobe article and ran across this simple definition; a buzzword term that was bandied about in the early Adobe color management frenzy. I had to blink a couple of times and re-read it.

Tristimulus Values. Any color on the CIE chromaticity diagram can be considered to be a mixture of the three CIE primaries, X,Y,Z. That mixture may be specified by three numbers X,Y,Z called tristimulus values. The CIE primaries are not real colors, but convenient mathematical constructs.”

There, hows that for clarity? Do you feel smarter? I’m sure your practical understanding of color just cleared right up. The color science part of me understands this jargon, but the average Photoshop jockey… probably not. But he/she might grasp the concept if the issue was presented in practical, everyday terms.

Lesson #1: Photoshop was not developed by photographers, artists, or printers. It was developed by computer scientists, mathematicians and software developers and sold to photographers, artists, and printers. Color theory vs usable information.

Lesson #2: Most of the bleeding edge trends in technology never impact the practical side of life, maybe because they aren’t explained in simple enough terms.

Lesson #3: Please learn about the science of light and color and then share it with others, but drop the buzzwords. Most won’t understand what you’re talking about, and the rest won’t be impressed with your brilliance.

Lesson #4: Buzzword are thrown about to impress an audience with the speaker/author’s intelligence and to prove to the other pundits that they deserve their position on the platform.

Suggestion #1: If you would like to learn the practical side of color science (with a minimal use of buzzwords), check out gottaknowvideos. Untechnically technical.

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Serious Photographers Don’t Use Post-Processing

I’m not sure where this concept originated, but I know it didn’t come from the professional photographic community. This sophomoric bravado may be sincere in its conviction but it is sincerely wrong in its claim. Actually, the polar opposite is true.

History Lesson. If you shot film before the digital camera revolution, the following explanation is unnecessary. However, if you are a recent participant (last 20 years) in digital photography, you might want to understand this.

B&W Films. Black and White films were largely processed and printed by individual photographers in their personal darkrooms as a matter of preference, pride, and skill. The film development variables and print controls afforded to B&W were doable and rewarding, and B&W prints have always provided photographers a form of serious artistic expression. We revered Ansel Adams and he always post-processed his own images. He advocated the art of shaping the light.

Bowers SBS

Dave Bowers, President Flagler Beach Photography Club. Digital color capture converted to B/W

Black and white photography is the original and most obvious form of “post-processing” in film photography. Anyone who has ever dodged, burned, dipped and rocked trays in a sink in the darkroom understands this passion completely. Occasionally, when we needed extreme enlargements, we sent our negatives to a commercial lab for printing and dry-mounting on art boards.

Color Films. Color films were a completely different story. Professional photographers, photo retouchers, ad agencies, art/design studios, airbrush artists, art directors, photo technicians, darkroom jockeys, and even serious hobbyists prior to 1995, all entrusted their exposed color film exclusively to the services of professional photo labs for processing.

Very few professional photographers even processed their own color negatives, and precious few brave individuals produced their own color prints. The controls were simply too limited and all work had to be done in total darkness. There was no fun in the process.

Color Prints. Color prints (beyond Drugstore-grade 4×6 glossies) were produced almost exclusively for galleries, exhibits and wall decorations. Most of these prints were retouched for color, texture, and detail. Prints were rarely used for publications and high-end lithography unless serious airbrushing alterations were required. In that case, C-prints were produced for the retouching work before being handed off to the engraver.

Color Transparencies. Very few of us even processed our own Ektachrome slides (35mm) and transparencies (4×5 and 8x 10), and Kodachrome slides were only produced in 35mm size, were processed exclusively by Kodak-licensed labs. Kodachromes were rarely used in the printing process. Color transparencies were hardly ever used in the production of individual prints but were the preferred photographic original for publications and picture books.

Color Engraving. One more note about post-processing images. Virtually all chromes destined for publication or collateral materials were precision color-corrected by photoengravers and color separators during the color conversion from RGB to CMYK. Nobody outside the trade knew about the color transitions that occurred inside the shop. Any color photos that bypassed the color correction stage always appeared dull.

Lithography (high-end print) has always been handled by color trade professionals and involved the generation of multiple color-corrected proofs before going to press. I was a color separator for decades, and worked for National Geographic’s premier color engraver, so I know this first hand.

Virtually every mass-printed color picture, whether for publication, fine art, or advertising was heavily post-processed, just as it continues to be today for all commercial publications. I am a photo retoucher even today for several high-end City Magazines.

Disclaimer… professional post-processing stops way short of today’s typically-overproduced trend. In the color trade, we color balanced and adjusted tonality so that each image reproduced with punch and precision on press, but we stopped short of the surrealistic images, saturated colors and grunge hi-def appearance so popular in today’s processing software. True professionals respect the art of restraint. We live in the real world; Fantasyland only exists at Disney.

Personal Publishing. Only the phenomenon of the Internet and the advent of social media have provided a platform for the masses to publish their pictures any way they wish. They’re not hard to spot. Ironically, most social media affords the User various forms of photo effects, which is just a novel form of post-processing.

Next time someone demeans post-production, maybe you should have them read this post. That’s the way I sees it. Let me know what you think. Sign up for this blog and join me on a regular basis. I love to hear other opinions and feedback. Life’s for learning.

If you’d like to understand what makes color work, how light behaves, and how easy it is to shape the light in your photographic images, go to http://gottaknowvideos.com and get Bright About Light! All the answers to these (and more) questions are answered in an easy-to-understand video series.

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Overlooking the Obvious: The Art of Not Seeing What You’re Looking At

I make myself shoot something every day for the shear discipline of it. You’re only good at what you do every day, and I intend to stay on top of my game. Occasionally I’ll walk around my own neighborhood in search of my subject du jour. Occasionally I walk for half an hour without seeing anything worthy of turning on the camera.

Today was one of those days. Nothing. Just boring nothing.

Then I opened my mind in addition to my eyes and suddenly I couldn’t stop framing and shooting.

UnobviousWhat happened? I stopped looking for that interesting detail and dramatic lighting and started seeing what was right in front of me. Maybe not the knock-your-eyes-out color burst variety, but the simple beauty of natural composition. And it doesn’t have to be limited to nature, but the beauty of visual contrast. The contrast of shapes, colors, textures that are around us all day every day.

Something reminded me that you shouldn’t have to look special to be noticed, just bloom where you’re planted. Everything has a purpose. My purpose today was to open my eyes.

Sometimes I’m guilty of packing a subconscious agenda when I slip into my shoulder sling and I expect something in front of me to scream “look at me, I’m worthy.” I had to wince when I finally realized my smugness. Today I saw what I wasn’t looking for and it woke me up. You truly see what you’re looking for, and in the process sometimes you miss what’s staring right back at you.

Photographers come in all shapes and sizes and use this marvelous process for a variety of reasons; artistic, philosophical, nature, sports, babies, politics, etc. Depending on the day, I’ll wear any pair of those shoes. But whatever your bent or purpose, I encourage you to look wider than normal and see the world you’re missing. It might be your best work.

No lecture or lesson here. Just a personal observation. Look at life differently and shoot something new tomorrow and then share it with me. I’d love to see it.

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Remember What You Forgot and Learn What You Never Knew.

Remember that sinking feeling you had in Algebra II when you realized you should have paid more attention in Algebra I? Well, here you are with your camera and it’s deja vu all over again! The fundamentals of light and color that were taught in Science and Physics classes in High School really do have an application in the real world. And your real world is right now.

The very stuff that seemed so irrelevant back then are the foundation of the photography you are loving now. Suddenly you realize the difference between memorizing facts and grasping concepts. Those answers you “committed to memory” for the exam got forgotten the next day. Real life requires real understanding. Here you are with a spiffy new camera bristling with techno-features and a Settings file that looks like the dashboard of a 747. Every term you’re reading may as well be written in Russian. Geeez!

OK, let’s look at this like adults. The past is the past. You didn’t learn this earlier, but you want desperately to understand it now. So let’s break it down to the basics. Most of the settings on your camera concern either light or color. That’s because photography is ALL about light; how to measure it, capture it, and how you shape it. Here’s a factoid tounge-twister: without light you have no color, and without color, you have no light. Light and color have a desperately symbiotic relationship that you need to grasp now.

Here are some basic questions that you should know the answers to if you want to use your camera as a precision tool more than an open-end experiment. Pay attention… these issues are very important, and they directly relate to how you use your camera.

• Are you aware that all color is based on pure white light? • Do you know that there are several different “color buckets” that your camera can use (and it expects you to choose)?

• Do you know that the perfect balance of all colored light becomes white light? • Can you name the color that is directly in-between yellow and blue (hint: it’s not green).

• Do you know that sunlight changes intensity all during the day and that clouds and shade not only darken the light, but change the color of the light? • Do you know that accurate color is based on the color gray?

Every one of these questions has a direct bearing on how your camera records each scene as well as how you edit your pictures. When you understand the basic behavior of light from your camera’s perspective, you’ll know all these answers, and more. You’ll feel much more qualified to step into any situation and capture the light with confidence.

Here’s one more thought. If you’ve been depending on your camera being smart enough to figure all these things out, you are probably already disappointed. Your camera isn’t really smart at all, it just knows the right questions to ask. You need to know the right answers.

If you rely on your camera’s Auto functions (color, focus, metering, shutter speed, ISO) to capture your shots, you’re missing the real fun (and probably the most creative pictures). You are to be the smart one, the camera is simply there to faithfully carry out your choices. Choices are knowledge-based decisions. Get smart and stop getting lucky.

That’s the way I sees it. Let me know what you think. Sign up for this blog and join me on a regular basis. I love to hear other opinions and feedback. Life’s for learning.

If you’d like to understand what makes color work, how light behaves, and how easy it is to shape the light in your photographic images, go to http://gottaknowvideos.com and get Bright About Light! All the answers to these (and more) questions are answered in an easy-to-understand video series.

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Rekindling the Romance of Black and White, Part Three: A Walk in the Park

This is part three; the final installation in this series. Before I talk about converting color digital to black and white, you should appreciate how different the monochromatic (black and white) photo process is today compared to what it was in days past. For those of us who lived and produced monochromatic prints in the film years, today’s digital process is a walk in the park by comparison.

35mm-dev-tankBack in the days of silver halide film photography, black and white photos were either shot on black and white film or shot on color negative film converted to black and white prints in the photo lab. By far, the most successful B/Ws were shot on B/W film. Professional photographers in the film days always carried both B/W and Color film on assignment. Not only did they carry multiple kinds of film, each of the films were kept in a refrigerator to preserve the “freshness” of the silver halide. Color film came in two general types; color negative and reversal (slide transparency) film.
MinoltaThe silver halide days of processing color photos for monochrome prints offered little control over the tonal shape or internal contrast in the process. This process required a color negative to be mounted in an enlarger and projected onto panchromatic (emulsion sensitive to all colors of light) photo paper in total darkness. Typical black and white print paper (orthochromatic) could be processed under typical dim red safelights.

Dodging-BurningOnly the most basic dodging and burning (literally funneling the light through a hole formed by your hand, or card) could influence the exposure. The exposed paper was then processed in a temperature-controlled development solution under a very dim amber light for a very specific time.

The result was far from an creative effort and afforded very little artistic expression. Honestly, converting a color photo to black and white was a rare experience and a pain in the neck. If you wanted predictable black and white results, you shot B/W film.

But digital photography is quite different indeed. All photography is shot in color and the conversion to black and white is truly an artistic endeavor rather than a dreaded process. In truth, the latitude and controls afforded with digital photography is much more creative than film ever was, even with the most elaborate lab equipment and in the best facilities.

durstlabrator.0I was fortunate to own three to-die-for photo labs in my career and loved every minute, but could never have produced the kind of results that I enjoy today. But while producing digital black and white prints is a relatively simple process, producing great black and white results takes skill and understanding. The best black and white prints are produced by those who understand the science of color and light.

There are various RAW interpreter software packages on the market that afford tremendous conversion controls (Camera Raw, Lightroom, On1 Photo Raw 2018, Alien Skin Exposure 3, etc.). The nearly exhaustive number of chromatic tools provide control over the entire spectrum of colors that translate into gray values.

Processing. I’ll present one conversion process using Photoshop’s Black and White palette and Shadows/Highlights controls first, then, I’ll describe basic RAW processing using Adobe Camera Raw software. Since the adjustments found in CR can be achieved similarly within most other RAW interpreters, you’ll get the idea.

Individual colors can be boosted and diminished to influence the internal contrast of the black and white result. Virtually EVERY photo is unique, so consider the individual color makeup of each image as you make your adjustments. Color becomes contrast in B/W.

1) Photoshop

Black and White: This is a general color/tone shaping adjustment that lets you develop internal contrast using the image’s color channels. Within this very powerful interpreter, each color can be tuned to a specific gray range, giving you to the total control over how each color is transposed into the monochromatic mode.

PS-Black and White menuPS-Black and WhiteUsing the individual primary (RGB) and secondary (CMY) color sliders, you can determine the gray tones. Make good use of the Preview checkbox to see how your interpretation compares to the original RGB colors. This step puts you in control of the conversion process and gives you the power to shape your black and white images. Once you’re happy with how the colors transpose to tones, click OK to produce the basic monochromatic conversion. This will cement the basic conversion process, but you won’t be finished quite yet.

PS Shadows and Highlights

Shadows/Highlights. The overall tonal range of the resulting monochrome image probably won’t be ideal; there are two more major controls to shape your black and white conversion into a monochromatic masterpiece. Remember, detail is all about internal contrast, and these additional Photoshop tools (Highlights/Shadows and Levels) will deliver all the control you need.

This amazing group of sliders allow you to adjust the internal portions of the shadows (darkest tones), the highlights (lightest tones), and the middle tones, all in one dialog. This will form the internal contrast but will still require a final setting of the lightest and darkest points in the picture. That will be accomplished with the Levels dialog.

BlackGammaWhiteLevelsThe final touch is determined by the Levels  command. There will be no need to adjust the middle (Gamma) slider since all the internal contrast will have been set by the Shadows/Highlights control. These two outside controls should be set visually. There is no right or wrong with this setting, it is a matter of personal taste. Don’t be afraid to “invade” either side of the graph slightly to achieve the level of depth and contrast you desire.

2) Camera Raw

Basic Panel: Black & White: This conversion method is similar to Photoshop’s version of the tool but inside Camera Raw, all adjustments can be accomplished and previewed while the original image is still in color. The three basic adjustments for Monochromatic conversions, and all three can be interactively adjusted at will. These three tool bins can be accessed by three mini-icons located just below the histogram graph. These bins include Basic (Black and White), Tone Curve, and Black and White Mix. You can preview ALL three adjustments before exporting (opening) the final monochromatic conversion in Photoshop. Even after the conversion, the file can be reopened in Camera Raw for readjustment and reassignment of tones.

Screen Shot 2018-04-19 at 4.37.27 PMScreen Shot 2018-04-19 at 4.36.44 PM   Screen Shot 2018-04-19 at 4.34.46 PM.pngWe’ll start opening a color image in Camera Raw and choosing the Black & White radio button near the top of the Basic panel.

Camera Raw’s Basic Black and White sliders shape your tone curve. Photographically speaking, there are five major tone regions in every image; Blacks, Shadows (three-quarter tones), middle tones, Highlights (quarter tones), and Whites. Each region is controlled by the named slider except for the middle tones, which are affected by the Exposure and Contrast sliders.

Tybee Window S-SThe Tone Curve delivers additional tone shaping capabilities by allowing you to determine the latitude of the tonal regions. These regions are labeled in a straightforward way, Highlights, Lights, Darks, and Shadows.

Flower-framed window Flower-framed windowCR

The Black and White Mix panel provides the typical additive and subtractive colors of Reds, Greens, Blues, Cyans, Magentas, and Yellows, and offers an additional two color channels that affect the conversion process: Purples and Aquas. The same Mix panel sliders that serve as the HSL (Hue, Saturation, Lightness) adjustments for color pictures, serve as the color conversion channels for Black & White. While the image editing process displays a monochromatic view of the color image, tapping the “P” key at any time will allow you view the original color image as a reference.

BountyColorizeIf you wish, you can open the Hue/Saturation dialog to convert your Black and White image to a toned image. Simply check the Colorize checkbox at the bottom of the dialog and adjust to please. Be careful, it is quite to overdo the color. Remember intent of tinting is to add depth to the image and break the monotony of purely black and white.

Get serious about learning photography and then stay focused. Invest in yourself and determine to understand the process. Sign up for the regular blog series by entering your email address at the top-right corner of this page.

That’s the way I sees it. Let me know what you think.

Speaking Promo

If you’d like to understand even more of what makes color work, how light behaves, and how easy it is to shape the light in your photographic images, go to http://gottaknowvideos.com and get Bright About Light!

Posted in Tonality and Appearance | Leave a comment

What’s Choking Your Photo Creativity?

Shortly after Photoshop stormed onto the scene folks started peddling their personal Photoshop Actions and Presets in Lightroom. It didn’t take long for ambitious power-users to figure out how to make money by selling prefab effects and routines. I always thought that was a bit presumptuous to assume that others aren’t smart enough to figure their own workflow, though I did applaud their entrepreneurial fervor. To me, using someone else’s routines is sorta like paying someone else to do your homework.

Strangle Graffiti

I shot this graffiti wall in Genoa Italy hoping that someday I’d have a place to use it. Here it is.

Personally, I get a kick out of learning the tools and shaping my images my own way, so that subscription movement never really appealed to me as either a buyer or a seller. True confession… when digital imaging burst on the scene in 1990, my background in litho scanning and image preparation prompted me to write an intelligent automation plug-in for Photoshop called ScanPrep Pro. SPP did very well for itself and helped a lot of folks produce professional results. The difference was, back then people were submitting digital photos to printers without understanding the printing process. That was then.

But now the industry is filled with lookalike software packages that offer the same basic processing sliders along with a bagful of predigested image effects. To my thinking, there’s something fundamentally wrong with this. Let me propose a couple of hypothetical products outside the digital photography realm to show you what I mean.

What if we published a line of coloring books for children that offered thirty pages of pre-colored Crayola pictures. That way each child could simply choose a page, sign it, tear it out of the book and Mom could hang it on the refrigerator? Think of all the messy walls and broken Crayons we’d save.

Maybe your child’s Creative Writing class could have a workbook with scores of pre-written short stories all produced with perfect sentence structure, spelling, grammar, and punctuation. The stories could provide blanks in the sentences for your child to fill in the names of parents, friends, and pets to make it personal. Think of the frustration that would be avoided from kids having to process thought and use their imagination in such a stressful way. There would be no more misspelled words or wasted time in class. The kids would have more time for gaming and networking. Wouldn’t that be great?

I know that both of these examples are a bit absurd but you can imagine the effect that either could have on the creative development of a child. Not only would there be no artistic involvement and creative thinking in the process, but the skills and rigor of kids learning to express themselves in a very personal way would be lost.

Until recently, Adobe remained honest to the art and science. They use to provide all the image processing tools needed (and a boatload more that you didn’t need) to keep the art of photography a creative effort. Both Photoshop and Lightroom always required the user to learn, imagine, and produce their own personal work. But alas, even Camera Raw now provides dozens of canned and categorized imaging effects to help the helpless.

I know, I know, you can edit the results, but you can buy a ready-made cake and just write your kid’s name on it too! Thank you Mom for actually baking my birthday cakes.

The photo industry is making cameras now that are so smart that you don’t have to understand photography at all; just shoot. Soon, the firmware in the camera will automatically do all the thinking, set all the exposure settings, weed out any bad pictures, and automatically upload the “keepers” to all your social media outlets and then save them to the cloud.

There is a camera being developed that obeys voice commands so no buttons have to be pushed or preferences set. Won’t that be wonderful? Perfect dictated pictures every time.

Perhaps we’ll have a wearable camera soon that will sense the presence of friends and family and will take shots automatically at an opportune time. Just think of the memories that technology will capture for us and make accessible from the cloud (don’t get me started!).

Balderdash to all of it. I’m a photographer, not a social media photo-enthusiast. I like everything about the art and science of photography and I still enjoy pushing my own pixels around. If you understand my point (and can tolerate my sarcasm), why not join me on a weekly private post where I’ll teach you what you really need to know about shooting and editing you photos. Then you’ll know what you’re doing and you’ll be proud to share the real you with your friends. Just think how much more they’ll like that. I’ll detail this program in an upcoming post.

Get serious about learning photography and then stay focused. Invest in yourself and determine to understand the process. Sign up for this regular blog series by entering your email address at the top-right corner of this page.

That’s the way I sees it. Let me know what you think.

Speaking Promo

If you’d like to understand even more of what makes color work, how light behaves, and how easy it is to shape the light in your photographic images, go to http://gottaknowvideos.com and get Bright About Light!

Posted in Tonality and Appearance | 2 Comments